how to speed up a website loading time

How To Speed Up A Website Loading Time


how to speed up a website loading timeThe speed of your website is not only important to customers but also for you. So important that the primary search engine takes the website speed into consideration when they are determining the site’s ranking in the search engine.

Optimizing your site’s speed has therefore become an important aspect when conducting a search engine optimization exercise. Speeding up the loading times also improves overall user experience which is good for your blog or business. So, how do you optimize a WordPress site to improve its loading time? Here, we look on how to speed up a website loading time.

Speeding up the loading times also improves overall user experience which is good for your blog or business. So, how do you optimize a WordPress site? Here, we look on how to speed up a website loading time.

Before applying all the methods I will be showing in this post, I want you to test how your website is currently running now. There are a lot of free speed testing tools out there. Just to mention some:

After you run the speed test, take a Screenshot of your result (just like I’m doing below with my website) and save it somewhere in your computer, so that you can compare the results before and after appplying all or some of this methods.

How to Spee up a website loading time 7

Speeding Up A WordPress  Site


1. Optimize The Images

Failing to use images with the right format, size, or src attribute can significantly slow down your website. The image should not be oversized as it will take longer to load.

Keep the images as small as practicable. Utilizing image editing tools is also an excellent idea if the images are too big. you can use them to crop images to the correct size, remove any image comments and reduce the color depth if practicable.

How to Speed up a website loading time

Use JPEG format as much as you can although PNG is also good. Use GIFs for small or simple graphics and animated images. Some formats that you should be avoiding are BMPs or TIFFs as they will slow down your page. 

There are excellent WordPress plugins which allow you to optimize the images automatically. The best example and the most used is EWWW Image Optimizer which is completely free. If not, you have online options like Compressor.io 

2. Browser Caching

When you visit a website for the first time, the browser has to download as many as 30 components which include the HTML document, javascript files, stylesheets, and images before using the page. This can take up to 2.4 seconds.

However, in subsequent visits, fewer components will be downloaded because most of these elements are stored in a temporary storage or cache. This will help improve the loading speed by a few seconds. Most daily visitors to your site, however, have an empty cache, so you have to make the page fast for first-time visitors too. There are also free plugins for leveraging Caching. The most used are WP Super Cache or W3 Total Cache (this is the one I use)

How to Spee up a website loading time

Therefore, enabling caching helps to speed up subsequent visits. Set Expires to one week (minimum) or one year (preferably) for all the cacheable resources like image files, media files, JS and CSS files, PDFs, etc. But please Do not exceed the one-year limit as it violates the RFC guidelines.

3. Minimize The Number Of https Requests

Simplify your page design can speed up your site. Most of the loading time is spent downloading the stylesheets, images, scripts, Flash, and other elements and an https request will be made for each one of them. The more elements your website has, the longer it will take to load.

It is, therefore, important to streamline the number of components on the page. You can achieve that by combining multiple style sheets into one, substituting images with CSS whenever possible, reducing scripts and putting them at the bottom of the page and also keeping the website clean.

To reduce the https requests, you need to reduce the number of elements on the page.

4. Minify HTML, CSS, and Javascript

To make your files download faster remove whitespace like spaces, tabs, and orderly structure before serving your code. The good thing is that if you are using the W3 Total Cache, you can reduce the number of JavaScript and CSS files loaded.

Whitespace might be ideal for web design as it makes it more human-readable but not as necessary to code as browsers and servers only care about a valid code that executes without error, not how it looks.

5. Use a Content Delivery Network (CDN)

Hosting your media files on a CDN can save you up to 60% bandwidth and also reduce the requests made by your website significantly. CDNs host your files across a vast network of servers around the World so that users around the globe can download files from the server that is closest to them. The bandwidth is spread across many servers, and this will reduce the load on every single server. It will also protect your sites from traffic spikes and even DDoS attacks.

How to Spee up a website loading time

6. Gzip and Compress Components

Before sending files to the browsers, it is important to compress them at the server level.

Large pages with high-quality content are bulky (often 100kb and more) and therefore slow to download. To speed them up, you need to zip them (compress). This then reduces the page bandwidth hence reducing https response. Gzip is a tool that helps you achieve this.

How to Spee up a website loading time

There is a very good article written by Google Developers on how to leverage this aspect of your website: Optimizing encoding and transfer size of text-based assets

7. Deactivate & Delete Unwanted Plugins

It is known that the more plugins you have, the slower your website will be. Therefore, try to keep this number a small as possible.

Also, there are plugins which might be very helpful BUT it crashed with your WordPress Theme or makes it very slow. So, what I recommend you is to install a free plugin that is called P3 (Plugin Performance Profiler) which analyzes all the performance of all the plugins that you have. Once the test has ended, you will be able to see which plugins are slowing your website down.

Another Tip here is that there some All-in-One plugins that have more than 1 feature to be used. This will avoid you installing one plugin for each need you have. For example, one of the most popular WordPress plugins nowadays is the SumoMe one. SumoMe counts with Pop-up opt-in forms

How to Spee up a website loading time

SumoMe counts with:

  • Pop-up Opt-ins for getting subscribers to your email list (like the one I have for my website when you first get in)
  • Content Analysis: you can see what your audience is reading and what not
  • Heat Map: Clicks from visitors on your website
  • Integration with Google Analytics
  • Social Media Buttons

So, if you notice, you will save a lot of space by downloading just one plugin instead of 5 or 6 for all these features.

8. Put Stylesheets At The Top

Include all interface-related stylesheet references in the <head> of your document. Do not display unstyled content to your visitors. Let the files responsible for the appearance of your site load first. This allows them to be applied to the HTML as it loads.

9. Put Scripts At The Bottom

Let the content load first and all the other functionality-related files load afterward. It is important first to deliver your content to visitors as fast as possible. It should not be unstyled content so put CSS in the <head>. Files required for interaction such as certain external API calls, tabbed widgets, etc. should load last.

10. Use CSS Sprites

A CSS sprite is one big image which contains all of your images. It is much faster to load one image than it is to load many small images as the browser will not make as many requests when using CSS sprites. There are tools for CSS sprites such as SpriteMe, which enable you to use sprites much faster. These tools turn all of your images into a CSS sprite very easily.

Optimizing the speed of your website will enhance the experience of your site visitors. Microsoft Bing search team found out that when there is a page responsiveness delay of 2-second longer, the user satisfaction reduced by 3.8%, lost revenue per user increased by 4.3%, while clicks reduced by 4.3%. Clearly, slower websites slow down your business too. Using these tips is a sure way of speeding up your WordPress website boosting your site’s visitors’ user experience and your business performance.

Final Step: Speed up web page loading time Test


If you have applied at least 3 of the recommendations I mentioned above, your website will be running fast for sure. So, now let’s complete the final step, which is enoying the results!

Use the same testing tool you used at the beginning of this post and compare your results! Feel free to share your comments and results here in the comment section!

how to Spee up a website loading time

 

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Leave a Comment:

5 comments
Rohit Singh says July 22, 2016

Really good post. Google listed site speed as one of the ranking factors So if your blog is really loading fast, this will improve your Google ranking as well as that will give your readers good user experience.

Reply
    Kevin Balcker says July 25, 2016

    Hi Rohit, absolutely. Site speed is a key aspect if you want to rank high in google. The trend is to prioritize the customer and site speed is a clear example of a good user experience.

    Reply
    SEO Mumbai says August 13, 2016

    Along with speed, I guess content also plays major role. In fact I must say content is more important than speed. But yes google does give importance to speed.

    Reply
      Kevin Balcker says August 15, 2016

      Hello my friend. Yes, for sure content is very important but I can assure you that even if your content is superb, you will not rank #1 in google if your website is slow. just do the right combination of this.

      Reply
        SEO Mumbai says August 17, 2016

        Yes. I believe we on the same page. Anyways, Nice post. 🙂

        Reply
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